Friday, 1 May 2015

Theory of 24 Hours of Learning

Twenty four hours of learning has a different efficacy level for students if those hours are spent during last 2 days, last week or last month before the exams. Human mind has different response to the anxiety felt because of the short time before exam and calmness when still there is time before exam. Mind absorbs more while learners try in short bursts and over a longer period of time and loses more when learners try in longer hours over a short period of time.
Not everyone is made the same. Observation has shown that many students procrastinate and study when it gets too close to exam under pressure. Too much of pressure felt results in anxiety, less or no sleep and adrenaline rush that ultimately crashes human body exactly when it is time to produce; may be on exam time exactly.
I as a teacher when look at the answers scripts can easily realize that who has studied in what length of days. For example best answers are given by those students who mostly study a little but steadily throughout the term, average answers without much of the brain are mostly from students studying during last few days and failure probable are those who tried to revise or learn during last hours before exam.
So, let’s say you want to produce best result possible in exam and you want to spend 24 hours for one subject. Best strategy is to spread these 24 hours over a month time, which is one hour per day per subject. This gives you few free days to enjoy and best learning possible according to your intellect. If you spend these 24 hours in a week then you lose chance of retention by 50% and further during last couple of days you will be able to retain only 20% of all studied and that is only when you had studied the same, may be briefly, sometime before.
These 24 hours over a month also give you chance to think about the topic studied, research and inquiring from teacher and fellow students. This is completely impossible when studied at last hour. CIE nowadays giving concept based questions more than straight ones and any of the rot learned topic is not sufficient to answer such questions.

For O & A Level Computer Science resources visit www.zakonweb.com.

Thursday, 30 April 2015

Computer Science Marathons; Motives and Behind the Scene Thought.


I have developed a series of resources that include websites, online discussion groups, social media initiative that includes constant encouraging images, challenges and responses, notes, learner's challenges (assignments), presentations, mock up questionnaires, blogs and lastly the marathons to lift up the computer science subject at O/A level. I have done all of this to encourage students to opt computer science as a subject at O and A Levels and develop their careers in IT, schools accept this as a credible subject and it's usual overall acceptance. I am happy to announce that marathons 2015 are now being offered online to cater the need of overall worldwide O/A level audience.

The http://zakonweb.com team is organising a series of O/A level Computer Science Marathons. The aim has been to support O/A level students who are committed to be confident, resourceful and are enthusiastic learners of computer science. This is a two-day marathon and broadly speaking, I will be interested in ways to engage students, promote independence and challenge learners. I would like to share few issues that I usually identify, found, together with the ideas that came out of the early years marathons:


Develop positive attitudes towards Computer Science and learn to program by:
  • Use of wide range of online tasks and resources
  • Enthusiastic teacher, with a 'can do' positive attitude
  • Plenty of opportunities for students to experience success
  • Hands-on approaches to learning during and after marathons
  • Use real life examples and explore links with other boards questions repository
  • Offer positive role models
  • Online discussion groups - e.g. older students and sound teachers from varying backgrounds mentoring younger students
  • Motivating wallposts and tweets publicising computer science
  • Share learning with parents (e.g. computer science after hours/extra/evening classes to encourage positive attitudes amongst parents)
  • 'Make it enjoyable': computer science challenges, competitions, puzzles of the month, celebrate achievements (like distributing Tablets among the high achievers)
Develop confident learners who are able to work independently and willing to take risks by:
  • Acknowledge all contributions positively, encourage learning from mistakes, welcome wrong answers to new understanding
  • Use positive language
  • Encourage independent and small group research
  • Value different approaches to solving problems 


Develop good communicators - good at listening, speaking and working purposefully in groups:
  • Plan marathons which focus on group work
  • Set 'online group-worthy' tasks that offer plenty to talk about
  • Set a rule that groups are not 'allowed' to move on until all the students understand
  • Allow time for presentation of findings
  • Set the rule: "Don't ask the teacher - ask at least three other students first"
  • Teacher take a step back and ask students to explain to the class their methods and reasoning
  • Teacher question the answers, rather than answer the questions
  • Ask students to prepare challenges
  • Ask students to make a post for others on a given topic

Develop students who have appropriate strategies when they get stuck by:
  • Offer higher-order, open ended tasks to get students used to being 'stuck'
  • Encourage students to explain their difficulty to the rest of the class or online group
  • Offer easy access to a variety of resources like online discussion groups and website
  • Offer tasks in which students have to identify and correct errors and encourage similar reflection on their own work
  • Create a culture in which 'thinking outside the box' is valued


Develop website, tasks, notes and environment that maintain the complexity whilst making the computer science accessible, by:
  • Gradually increase the complexity of tasks
  • Give plenty of time to engage in and 'solve' problems - the process is more important than the answer
  • Use investigational tasks which can be accessed by everyone but can have different levels of outcome
  • Be positive about any steps students take towards solving the problem, however small
  • Present tasks in different formats (6 formats being developed as of yet to solve pseudo-codes) 

Develop students' ability to make connections by:
  • "Where have we seen this before?"
  • Present problems that can use many areas of computer science and related lecture
  • Present open problems which allow students to ask their own questions and develop the need to learn something new
  • Present problems based on real life and cross curricular contexts

Develop critical learners who value and utilize differences (e.g. different approaches/ routes to solution) by:
  • Encourage group work, peer assessment, rotation feedback, discussion
  • Change the composition of groups regularly
  • Ask key questions; like:
    • What are the strengths and weaknesses of this method?
    • When might you use this method?
  • Encourage contributions from all the students
  • Require students to explain their solution
  • Emphasize method rather than outcome
  • Bring students together for mini-plenaries to share and compare approaches
  • Set problems which can be solved in a variety of ways 
  • encourage no-talkers to participate

O/A Level Computers: Notes/Books, Websites, Blog, Discussion Groups & Fan Pages.
For Computer Science 2210/9608: www.zakonweb.com
For Computing 9691: Google "9691"